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Alternative Names Return to topCytomegalovirus esophagitis
Definition Return to top
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) esophagitis is a viral infection of the esophagus, the muscular tube through which food travels from the mouth to the stomach.
Causes Return to top
CMV is caused by the cytomegalovirus (CMV). This condition usually affects people who have a weakened immune system.
Symptoms Return to top
Exams and Tests Return to top
Treatment Return to top
Treatment involves antiviral medications that are given through a vein (intravenous) or by mouth (orally).
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
Esophagitis can usually be treated effectively. The outcome depends upon the immune system problem that makes the person susceptible to the infection.
Possible Complications Return to top
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Call your health care provider if you develop symptoms of CMV esophagitis, especially if you have a suppressed immune system.
Prevention Return to top
Preventing AIDS can help avoid opportunistic infections, such as those caused by the cytomegalovirus. (Opportunistic infections are infections by organisms that are not normally disease-producing, but that take advantage of a situation, such as a damaged immune system.) People with AIDS who are effectively treated with antiretroviral therapy are much less likely to get CMV infection.Update Date: 11/1/2007 Updated by: Kenneth M. Wender, M.D., Department of Infectious Diseases, Lahey Clinic, Burlington, MA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.